CAMDEN, NEW JERSEY
NEW YORK SHIPBUILDING CORPORATION
aka U.S.S. Mount Vernon AP-22
The USS Kitty Hawk was one of the last major projects completed at the New York Shipbuilding Corporation shipyards before it closed for good in the mid 1960s.
Thanks to Darlene Arendt, granddaughter of former Camden city commissioner Henry Magin, for sharing her memories of the Kitty Hawk's launching.
July 22, 2006
S.S. Washington aka U.S.S. Mount Vernon
S.S. Washington was a 24,189-ton luxury liner of the United States Lines, named after the US capital city.
S.S. Washington under construction
Camden, New Jersey
Washington was ordered by Transatlantic Steamship Company and laid down on 20 January 1931 in Shipway O at New York Shipbuilding in Camden, New Jersey. By the time the vessel was launched on 20 August 1932, Transatlantic Steamship's assets had been acquired by International Mercantile Marine, and the Washington went into service for the United States Lines following delivery on 2 May 1933.
At the time of their construction, Washington and her sister ship SS Manhattan, also built by New York Shipbuilding, were the largest liners ever built in the United States, a status they held until the 1939 launch of SS America. Washington and Manhattan were two of the few pure ocean liners built by New York Shipbuilding, which had previously built a large number of cargo liners. Accommodations were 580 in Cabin class, 400 in Tourist, and 150 Third class. Both ships were to garner a reputation for a very high standard of service and luxury.
United States Lines signed contracts in 1931 for the Manhattan and Washington for approximately $21 million each. This was a substantial cost in a depression era and considered a gamble by men in the passenger liner business. The Haskelite Manufacturing Corporation provided various types of haskelite plywood for the two ships.
Washington joined her sister ship Manhattan on the New York-Hamburg route, a route she continued to serve with only one short break until December 1939, when Roosevelt invoked the 1939 Neutrality Act against Germany. Both ships then moved to the New York-Naples-Genoa run until Italy declared war on Great Britain and France in June 1940. With the increasing danger from German submarines, Washington and Manhattan were shifted to the New York-San Francisco service via the Panama Canal.
USAT Washington underway, date and location unknown. She is in Army markings during the few weeks of 1941 after she was acquired from the United States Lines and before she was handed over to the Navy where she became USS Mount Vernon (AP-22).
In 1941 Washington was requisitioned by the United states government. She was originally assigned to the United States Army at USAT Washington. On 6 June 1941, Washington was requisitioned and leased by the US Navy, and was subsequently commissioned as the troopship USS Mount Vernon on 16 June 1941. The conversion was performed by the Philadelphia Navy Yard. In Navy service, Mount Vernon frequently sailed in company with the other United States Lines fast liners Manhattan (USS Wakefield) and America (USS West Point), most notably on a secret assignment carrying British troops to Singapore—a convoy mission which began a month before Pearl Harbor.
USS Mount Vernon (AP-22) underway off of San Francisco, March 15, 1943. Photo taken from an airship
belonging to Lighter-than-Air Squadron (ZP-31) from NAS Santa Ana.
In January 1946, Mount Vernon was decommissioned and returned to the U.S. Maritime Commission, regaining the name Washington at that time. Her luxurious appointments had been carefully removed and stored, and she returned to commercial service in February 1947. Only one deck was restored to its pre-war standards, however, and the ship now provided accommodations for 1106 passengers in a single class. United States Lines returned her to the U.S. government in October 1951, and the final phase of her career found her transporting soldiers and their families between New York and Bremerhaven. Laid up in reserve in the Hudson River in 1953, she was ultimately scrapped at Kearny, New Jersey in 1965.
Ordered: 24 May 1930
Builder: New York Shipbuilding Corp., Camden
Laid down: 20 January 1931
Launched: 20 August 1932
Commissioned: 16 June 1931
Decommissioned: 18 January 1946
In service: 1934-1940, 1947-1957
Out of service: 1957
Refit: 1947, 1955
Homeport: New York, New York
Nickname(s): "President Washington's Ship"
Fate: scrapped 1965 (Kearny, NJ)
Notes: Flagship from 1934-1940
Class and type: America Class
Tonnage: 24,289 GRT
Length: 705 ft 3 in (214.96 m)
Beam: 86 ft 0 in (26.21 m)
Propulsion: B&W boilers, Parsons steam turbines (30,000 shaft HP) - twin screw
Speed: 20.5 knots
Armament: (as Mount Vernon) four 5" guns, four 3" guns.
AP-22 Mount Vernon Cruise Book 1941 to 1946
NavSource Online: Aircraft Carrier Photo Archive - USS Mount Vernon AP-22
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