LIEUTENANT JACQUES HARTLEY ALLEN was born in 1922 in Camden NJ to C. Richard Allen and his wife Minerva S. Allen. The second of two children, he came a year after his brother Carlos. In 1930 the family lived at 1530 South Collings Road in Camden NJ. The family later moved to Barrington NJ, where they had a house at Chews Landing Road and Hutchinson Avenue. His father, a prominent local attorney, was a veteran of World War I and was very active in American Legion affairs, once the Department (state) Commander, and his mother was a a past county president of the American Legion Auxiliary.
Lieutenant Allen graduated from Haddon Heights High School in 1940 and entered the University of Virginia. A year later he went to the Drexel Institute of Technology. In 1942 he entered the Marine Corps. He graduated from an aviation training school at Pensacola FL on October 29, 1943. After receiving his wings and commission as an air pilot he and Miss Justis were married the same day. He then went to California to train for aircraft carrier takeoff and landings.
Assigned to a land-based fighter, VMF-211, Lt. Allen flew a Voight F4U-1D Corsair fighter, and took part in the fighting in the Philippines. His squadron was based at Emirau Island, in the Bismarck Islands. After the Battle of the Leyte Gulf and the successful landing of American forces in October, the Japanese attempted to supply and reinforce their troops by convoy. This move was countered by America bringing air units to newly-readied air bases in the Philippines.
As a result of Admiral Halsey's recommendation to General MacArthur, Allied Air Forces sent a dispatch on
November 30 to the 1st Marine Aircraft Wing at Bougainville, ordering one of its fighter groups to move to Leyte immediately. Next day General Mitchell ordered Colonel William A. Willis' Marine Aircraft Group 12 (MAG-12), to transfer its four fighter
squadrons, of which VMF-211 was one, to Tacloban, to arrive there not later than
The first Marine strike against these convoys came on
December 7, 1944. Army Intelligence had reported in briefing that three enemy destroyers and four cargo ships were steaming into Ormoc Bay and would still be some distance at sea at the time of attack. At 0930, 12 Corsairs of VMF-211 set out to intercept the convoy, only to find that the four cargo ships had already anchored in San Isidro harbor, and the three destroyers were departing from Leyte in the direction of Manila. Acting on the assumption that the cargo ships would have to remain in port until later in the day, the flight leader, Major Stanislaus Witomski, immediately ordered the flight to attack the destroyers. Two of the Japanese war vessels had turned in combat formation at sight of the Corsairs, leaving one destroyer separated slightly from the other
Lieutenant Allen suffered a severe injury to his nose when he bailed out. He was rescued and sent back to the United States for treatment. Sadly, when he reached California Lieutenant Allen contracted yellow jaundice and there were further complications. His wife and parents parents were notified and went to California. Mr. and Mrs. Allen and the young bride of Lieutenant Allen, Emily Justis Allen, were with him when he died.
He was also survived by his brother Carlos, of Haddonfield, and his grandmother, Mrs. Horace B. Allen.
CAMDEN COURIER POST * February 10, 1945
CRASH INJURIES KILL LEGION AIDE’S SON
1st Lt. Jacques Hartley Allen, 22, son of C. Richard Allen, Camden attorney and past department commander of the American Legion, died Thursday in Camp Pendleton hospital, Oceanside CA, of a disease superinduced from injuries received in an airplane crash during a battle in the South Pacific. His mother is a past county president of the Legion Auxiliary.
Parents at Deathbed
Mr. and Mrs. Allen and the young bride of Lieutenant Allen, Emily Justis Allen, were with him when he died. Lieutenant Allen received a severe nose injury when his plane was smashed and he “bailed out” over one of the islands in the South Pacific.
|THESE DIED THAT WE MAY LIVE IN FREEDOM|
21st Marine Regiment
3rd Marine Division
826th Bomb Squadron
484th Bomb Group
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